Dr. Farhan Hanif Siddiqi is Associate Professor (On Leave) in the Department of International Relations at the University of Karachi. He currently serves as Research Fellow at the Middle East Research Institute (MERI) in Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. His research interests include ethnicity, nationalism, ethnic conflict and security and conflict dynamics in the Middle East and South Asia. Dr. Siddiqi studied the Theory and History of International Relations at the London School of Economics (LSE) and then returned to Karachi University to complete a PhD in 2010 on The State and Politics of Ethnicity in Pakistan. His research focuses on two under-researched aspects of ethnic conflict, namely the role of intra-ethnic disagreement in structuring and weakening ethnic demands, and the role of centralizing state interests in provoking regionalized ethnic demands. Dr. Siddiqi is the author The Politics of Ethnicity in Pakistan: The Baloch, Sindhi and Mohajir Ethnic Movements (Routledge, 2012). Among his other numerous research publications are, Regional Security Dynamics in the Middle East: The Problematic Search for a Regional Leader, General Elections in Pakistan 2013: The Consolidation of Democracy, and Security Dynamics in Pakistani Balochistan: Religious Activism and Ethnic Conflict in the War on Terror.