Paola Rivetti is Lecturer in Politics of the Middle East & North Africa and International Relations at the School of Law and Government, Dublin City University, Ireland. She is the secretary of the Italian Association of Middle Eastern Studies (SeSaMO) and a co-founder and board member of the Lund University-based European Iran Research Group. She published in the British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, Journal of European Integration, Democratization, Middle Eastern Studies, ‘Mediterranean Politics, Alternatives: Global Local Political, Foreign Policy-Middle East Channel and Jadaliyya, and the Chaillot Paper Series. She co-edited Continuity and change before and after the Arab uprisings in Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt (forthcoming for Routledge) and Civil Society Effect. Practice and rhetoric in Iran, Lebanon, Egypt and Morocco (2010, in Italian).