November 7, 2005, 9:00 am - May 23, 2019, 10:06 pm


1761 N Street NW
Washington, 20036 (Map)


Middle East Institute 59th Annual Conference 
"Fractured Realities: A Middle East in Crisis" 
November 7-9, 2005

Banquet Introduction

Edward S. Walker, Former President, Middle East Institute


Banquet Address

Zbigniew Brzezinski, Center for Strategic and International Studies


Zbigniew Brzezinski, Center for Strategic and International Studies

Zbigniew Brzezinski is a CSIS scholar and trustee. He is also the Robert E. Osgood Professor of American Foreign Policy at the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, in Washington, D.C. He is cochair of the American Committee for Peace in the Caucasus and is a former chairman of the American-Ukrainian Advisory Committee. He was a member of the Policy Planning Council of the Department of State from 1966 to 1968; chairman of the Humphrey Foreign Policy Task Force in the 1968 presidential campaign; director of the Trilateral Commission from 1973 to 1976; and principal foreign policy adviser to Jimmy Carter in the 1976 presidential campaign. From 1977 to 1981, Dr. Brzezinski was national security adviser to President Carter. In 1981 he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his role in the normalization of U.S.-China relations and for his contributions to the human rights and national security policies of the United States. He was also a member of the President’s Chemical Warfare Commission (1985), the National Security Council–Defense Department Commission on Integrated Long-Term Strategy (1987–1988), and the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (1987–1989). In 1988, he was cochairman of the Bush National Security Advisory Task Force, and in 2004, he was cochairman of a Council on Foreign Relations task force that issued the report Iran: Time for a New Approach


Keynote Introduction

Ambassador Wyche Fowler, Jr., Chairman of the Board of the Middle East Institute


Ambassador Wyche Fowler Jr., Chairman of the Board, Middle East Institute 


A native Georgian, Wyche Fowler currently serves as the Chairman of the Board of Governors at the Middle East Institute. Before assuming this position, he served as US Ambassador to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from 1996 to 2001. Senator Fowler represented the state of Georgia for 16 years in the United States Congress. Elected to the Senate in 1986, he served as Assistant Floor Leader, where he helped to mold bipartisan consensus for major public issues. Prior to that, Mr. Fowler was a member of the US House of Representatives from 1977-1987.

Before his election to Congress, Fowler practiced law in Atlanta for eight years and was elected in 1970 at age 29 to the Atlanta City Council. Four years later he was selected President of the Council, and served in that capacity until 1977. Senator Fowler received a BA in English from Davidson College in 1962 and a JD from Emory University in 1969. He holds honorary degrees from Hofstra, Davidson and Morris Brown College.

Keynote Address

HRH Turki Al-Faisal, Saudi Arabian Ambassador to the US

HRH Turki Al-Faisal, Saudi Arabian Ambassador to the US 


Prince Turki Al-Faisal is the current Ambassador of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the United States. He was appointed an Advisor to the Royal Court in 1973. From 1977 to 2001, Prince Turki served as the Director General of teh General Intelligence Directorate (GID), Saudi Arabia's main foreign intelligence service. From 2002-2005, he served as Ambassador to the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland. Prince Turki is one of the founders of the King Faisal Foundation and is Charman of the King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies in Riyadh. He is also Chairman of the Board of the Prince Charles Visual Islamic and Traditional Arts Center and co-chair of the C100 Group, which has been affiliated with the World Economic Forum since 2003.

Transcript I Summary


Panel I: Collecting and Understanding US Intelligence on the Middle East

Frank Anderson, Central Intelligence Agency (retired)

Rand Beers, Former NSC Counterterrorism Advisor

John L. Moore, Defense Intelligence Agency (retired)

Stanley Moskowitz, Central Intelligence Agency (retired)

Moderator: Wayne White, Intelligence Analyst, State Department (retired)

Transcript I Summary

Panel II: The Escalating Conflict Between Syria, Iran and the US

Seymour Hersh, The New Yorker

Flynt Leverett, Brookings Institution

Hisham Melhem, Al-Arabiya

Moderator: Ambassador Wyche Fowler, Jr., Chairman of the Board of the Middle East Institute

Transcript I Summary

Panel III: Understanding the Global Insurgency

Zaki Chehab, Al-Hayat and LBC TV, author of Inside the Resistance

Alberto Fernandez, NEA/Office of Press and Public Diplomacy, State Department

Robert Pape, author of Dying to Win

Michael Scheuer, author of Imperial Hubris

Moderator: Syed Farooq Hasnat, Middle East Institute

Transcript I Summary

Panel IV: Reconstructing Afghanistan and Iraq

Larry Goodson, US Army War College

Ali Jalali, Former Afghan Interior Minister

Phebe Marr, US Institute of Peace

Samir Sumaidaie, Iraq's Permanent Representative to the UN

Moderator: Ambassador David Mack, Vice President, Middle East Institute

Transcript I Summary

Panel V: Where Will the Energy Come From?

Raad Alkadiri, Petroleum Finance Corporation

David Goldwyn, Executive Director, US-Libya Business Association

Moderator: Herman Franssen, International Energy Associates

Transcript I Summary

Panel VI: Building a Successful Palestinian State

Ross Anthony, RAND Corporation

Laith Arafeh, Advisor on Foreign Policy to the Palestinian National Security Advisor

Shlomo Brom, US Institute of Peace

Steven Simon, RAND Corporation

Transcript I Summary

Panel VII: Arguments for Both the One and Two-State Solutions

Amjad Atallah, Strategic Assessments Initiative

Ehud Eiran, Harvard University

Aaron David Miller, Seeds of Peace

Virginia Tilley, author of The One-State Solution

Moderator: James Bennet, New York Times Magazine

Transcript I Summary

Panel VIII: Negotiations vs. Unilateralism

Gidi Grinstein, Re'ut Institute

Daniel Kurtzer, Visiting Professor, Princeton University

Robert Malley, International Crisis Group

Moderator: Representative Steven Solarz, APCO Worldwide

Transcript I Summary